Tag Archives: Borosilicate glass

Classification of Glass

By the nature of Genesis

In general you can divide glass into two groups: natural glass and artificial glass. While artificial glass is produced by the melting of several raw materials, natural glass is produced by processes in nature. The best known of such processes has to be the formation of obsidian and pumice. These natural types of glass result from volcanic eruptions of lava. Even a few millennia ago such natural glass was being used by humans for various purposes. Other natural glasses include tektites (meteorite impact) and fulgurites (lightning impact).

By the nature of „chemistry“

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Glass – composition and properties

The components of glass

Glass is a high-quality, extraordinary and versatile material that possesses amazing properties. 

Glass is a material comprised of natural and nature-identical raw materials. Various substances such as soda (sodium carbonate), potash (potassium carbonate), limestone (calcium carbonate) and boron oxides are added to the main component of quartz sand (silicon dioxide). Silica, sodium oxide and calcium oxide are necessary for solidification and melting, as well as for corrosion protection.

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